What I Wish I knew Before Traveling Italy by Train

Italian Train

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Traveling Italy by train is an experience any globetrotter should have. Not only are trains an efficient method of transportation, but they also give travelers plenty of time to drool out the window at the gorgeous Italian countryside.

piazza navona

While I typically view flying as a necessary evil, train travel is a throwback to old-fashioned travel glamor.

We took several trains while traveling in Italy last year. Though we had a generally good experience, Italian transit is not always intuitive, and there were a few moments of confusion, stress, and downright humiliation.

Further Reading: How to Spend 3 Days in Rome as a First-Timer

Ponte Rialto

Here are a few things you should know before traveling Italy by train:

1. Become familiar with Trenitalia.com

Trenitalia is the primary train operator in Italy. You can purchase tickets—or find out more information about train schedules and pricing—on the Trenitalia website, which is (mercifully) easy to navigate in English.

2. Purchasing tickets in advance is cheaper

Tickets become available 120 days before departure on the Trenitalia website. And though you can buy tickets last minute at the station, you often get a better price by purchasing them online in advance.

If you need flexibility, be sure to buy a ticket that allows for changes.

3. A rail pass is not always the best deal

Though popular, Eurail passes can easily end up costing more than buying each ticket individually. Be sure to crunch some numbers before making your decision. We saved money by simply purchasing point-to-point tickets.

Rick Steves, the reigning European travel guru, offers a helpful guide to Italian rail passes here.

Rome, Italy

4. Some cities have multiple train stations

Pay close attention to your departure/arrival stations, as some cities have more than one. For example, Venezia-Mestre and Venezia-S. Lucia both serve the Venice area, but Venezia-Mestre is on the mainland and not a good option if you are headed to the island.

Further Reading: A Laid-Back Weekend Guide to Venice, Italy

5. Validate your ticket before boarding (for open tickets)

 Before boarding a regional train, be sure to validate your ticket at one of the validation boxes.

Important Note: Validation is only necessary for “open” tickets you buy at the station—not online—that do not have an assigned carriage or seat number.

Validate your ticket by inserting it into the slot and sliding it to the left. The machine should stamp it with the date and time. Once validated, your ticket must be used within a certain time frame, so don’t validate it until shortly before you board the train.

If you’re like us, the one time you forget to validate your ticket will be when you get caught and slapped with a massive fine. Don’t risk it!

6. No security line

Clearing security at airports is always my least favorite part of flying. It doesn’t help that I’m often singled out for “additional screening,” and by the end of it the TSA agent knows me better than Sam did when we got married.

You can avoid all this hassle on trains, since there are no security or baggage drop lines. If you already have a ticket, there is no reason to arrive more than 20-30 minutes before your departure.

7. Platform numbers are not posted until shortly before departure

Another reason not to arrive super early is that you won’t know where to go! As with European budget airlines, departure platforms are often not posted more than 20-30 minutes in advance.

Further Reading: How to Spend 6 Hours in Florence, Italy

I confess that as uptight North Americans, this system drove us crazy as we have been psychologically conditioned to rush to our departure area in a panic only to spend the next 45 minutes listlessly flipping through a magazine while we wait to board.

Ponte Vecchio

8. Seat assignments are often across from each other

Typically when you purchase two seats on an airplane, you are given seats beside each other. On trains, Sam and I were often assigned seats facing each other with strangers in the seats beside us. None of our seatmates turned out to be psychopathic killers or anything, but this configuration did surprise us.

Check your seat assignments carefully if you have a preference.

9. There is never a bathroom around when you need one

I’m going out on a limb to suggest that Italians have bladders the size of Lake Michigan. I could never find a bathroom when I needed one in Italian train stations. Given the amount of wine and espresso Italians consume, this deficit is a scientific marvel. At one point I ended up using the staff bathroom at a café.

My advice? If you see a bathroom, use it!

Do you have any tips for European train travel?

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What I Wish I Knew Before Traveling Italy by Train

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  1. Validating the ticket was a disaster for me; first I forgot to do it and realized it just as the train left the station, but had a pen with me so I just scribbled “used on date xx time xx” on the ticket and luckily had a nice conductor who excused my tourist idiocy.

    The second time I did remember to do the validation — and oh god had to drag my 25+kg luggage up and down multiple stairs because the elevator wasn’t working and the validation machine was on the station’s wall and I was just switching trains on the platform — but I wasn’t sure how to use the machine so I accidentally validated it twice? No conductor checked my ticket that time so idk if that would have been a problem…

    And when I took the (bullet?) train from Termini to the airport I forgot to validate the ticket again but nobody else on board had done it either? The conductor just stapled everyone’s ticket? I’m still confused, what’s with that?

    I think I’m just going to stick to e-tickets in the future, but my tip is to always carry a pen with you! 🙂

      1. If you forget to validate your ticket, you have to find the conductor asap and he/she will validate the ticket for you. Have a nice time in Italy! Ciao 😉

  2. We dropped our luggage at the left luggage location in Milano and headed out. We made 2 mistakes)that I can think of – 1) didn’t use the wc until it was almost too late and 2)took luggage out too early. Then had to wait(and wait and wait)for our train to Florence. We learned our lessons – for the next time we are here.

    1. Hey Lee! Yes, I’ve learned to use the WC anytime I see one since they can be few and far between! And being stuck with heavy luggage is no fun. Hope you still had a great trip!

  3. My husband and I are traveling to Italy in May. We will be taking the train from Florence to Rome, and I have 2 questions. 1) We already purchased our tickets online and have assigned seats. Does this mean we don’t have to get them validated? 2) What about luggage? We will probably each have one small to medium size bag with us. I’ve heard luggage can get stolen on trains, so I am trying to determine if we can keep the bags with us or if we have to put them in a luggage room. Thank you!

    1. Hi, Karissa! If you bought your ticket online and have assigned seats, you won’t need to get it validated. We had no trouble fitting our bags in the overhead storage space on the train. I wouldn’t be too worried about having them stolen as long as you keep an eye on them. I hope you have a fabulous trip! Florence and Rome are both super awesome cities 🙂

      1. We had assigned seats Desenzano to Venice. When we boarded, a charming commuter was in one of our seats but he cheerfully moved when I pointed this out – luckily I speak Italian, which no doubt helped so we had a nice little chat! 🇮🇹

        1. Speaking the language is always a super useful skill! Glad you were able to get everything sorted out 🙂

  4. Hi Girls,
    Well it has been three years since we travelled to Italy from Australia and did a bit of train travel. We had booked and paid for everything before we left Australia through a travel agent who told us we didn’t have to validate our seat numbered tickets. When we got to the termini I just happened to ask a conductor at the station to be sure as there were signs everywhere to validate. He said, yes we did have to validate even though we had prepaid and booked. He said we were lucky to ask as we could have had a big fine!! I didn’t understand and to,d the travel agent when we got back who was surprised. It was weird but, to be on the safe side I’d still check. Karissa, I hope you are having a wonderful trip. We did!

    1. Wow, sounds like a good thing you checked! We didn’t validate tickets we booked online with an assigned seat, and we had no problem when the ticket checkers came through and looked at them. (They were on printed out computer paper and would not have fit in the validation boxes even if we tried.) But it’s always better to be safe than sorry! Glad it worked out for you, Vicki.

  5. I love this list! Definitely helpful. I would add two more that I learned: Be on time (I was surprised at how on time the trains were in Italy) and to check your seat assignment before you get on the train! There were so many people that just hopped on the trains wherever they wanted, but then had to struggle through multiple cabins before they found the right cabin and seats…
    Thanks for posting!

  6. I have traveled by train in Italy and as far as WCs are concerned, we found one at Venice St Lucia station but had to pay one Euro per person to use it. Considerable expense if you ask me.
    And yes we , too, got fined for not validating our tickets once and paid a hefty fine. So now the first thing we ask for, anywhere in Europe, are the validation machines.

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